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实时股票数据获取方式  

2009-12-02 17:28:13|  分类: ASP开发 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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股票数据的获取目前有如下两种方法可以获取:

1.http/javascript接口取数据
2.web-service接口


1.http/javascript接口取数据

1.1Sina股票数据接口
以大秦铁路(股票代码:601006)为例,如果要获取它的最新行情,只需访问新浪的股票数据
接口:http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sh601006这个url会返回一串文本,例如:

var hq_str_sh601006="大秦铁路, 27.55, 27.25, 26.91, 27.55, 26.20, 26.91, 26.92,
22114263, 589824680, 4695, 26.91, 57590, 26.90, 14700, 26.89, 14300,
26.88, 15100, 26.87, 3100, 26.92, 8900, 26.93, 14230, 26.94, 25150, 26.95, 15220, 26.96, 2008-01-11, 15:05:32";

这个字符串由许多数据拼接在一起,不同含义的数据用逗号隔开了,按照程序员的思路,顺序号从0开始。
0:”大秦铁路”,股票名字;
1:”27.55″,今日开盘价;
2:”27.25″,昨日收盘价;
3:”26.91″,当前价格;
4:”27.55″,今日最高价;
5:”26.20″,今日最低价;
6:”26.91″,竞买价,即“买一”报价;
7:”26.92″,竞卖价,即“卖一”报价;
8:”22114263″,成交的股票数,由于股票交易以一百股为基本单位,所以在使用时,通常把该值除以一百;
9:”589824680″,成交金额,单位为“元”,为了一目了然,通常以“万元”为成交金额的单位,所以通常把该值除以一万;
10:”4695″,“买一”申请4695股,即47手;
11:”26.91″,“买一”报价;
12:”57590″,“买二”
13:”26.90″,“买二”
14:”14700″,“买三”
15:”26.89″,“买三”
16:”14300″,“买四”
17:”26.88″,“买四”
18:”15100″,“买五”
19:”26.87″,“买五”
20:”3100″,“卖一”申报3100股,即31手;
21:”26.92″,“卖一”报价
(22, 23), (24, 25), (26,27), (28, 29)分别为“卖二”至“卖四的情况”
30:”2008-01-11″,日期;
31:”15:05:32″,时间;

这个接口对于JavaScript程序非常方便,通常的使用方式为,静态或动态地在页面中插入:

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sh601006" charset="gb2312">

</script>

<script type="text/javascript">

var elements=hq_str_sh601006.split(",");

document.write("current price:"+elements[3]);

</script>

这段代码输出大秦铁路(股票代码:601006)的当前股价

current price:14.20

如果你要同时查询多个股票,那么在URL最后加上一个逗号,再加上股票代码就可以了;比如你要一次查询大秦铁路(601006)和大同煤业(601001)的行情,就这样使用URL:
http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sh601003,sh601001

但如果你要查询大盘指数,情况会有不同,比如查询上证综合指数(000001),使用如下URL:
http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=s_sh000001 服务器返回的数据为:

var hq_str_s_sh000001="上证指数,3094.668,-128.073,-3.97,436653,5458126";

数据含义分别为:指数名称,当前点数,当前价格,涨跌率,成交量(手),成交额(万元);

查询深圳成指的URL为:
http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=s_sz399001

对于股票的K线图,日线图等的获取可以通过请求http://image.sinajs.cn/…./…/*.gif此URL获取,其中*代表股票代码,详见如下:

查看日K线图:

http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/daily/n/sh601006.gif


分时线的查询:

http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/min/n/sh000001.gif

日K线查询:

http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/daily/n/sh000001.gif

周K线查询:

http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/weekly/n/sh000001.gif

月K线查询:

http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/monthly/n/sh000001.gif

1.2              Baidu Google的财经数据
在baidu ,google中搜索某只股票代码时,将会在头条显示此股票的相关信息,例如在google搜索601006时,
第一条搜索结果如下图:


通过点击左边的图片我们发现会将此图片链接到sina财经频道上,也就是说google股票数据的获取也是从sina获取。后经抓包分析,
发现google也是采用1.1中介绍的接口。

Baidu的股票数据来自baidu的财经频道http://stock.baidu.com.

1.3              其他方式
除了sina,baidu等网站提供股票信息外,其他网站也有类似的接口。我们分析了一款论坛上采用的股票插件,
其中有关于实时股票数据获取的介绍,详见如下代码,其中可以看到有些数据来自sina。

<%

‘==========================

‘ file: stock_getdata.asp

‘ version: 1.0.0

‘ copyright (c) czie.com all rights reserved.

‘ web: http://www.czie.com

‘==========================

         function gethttp(rurl)

                   dim xml

                   on error resume next

                   set xml=server.createobject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")

                   xml.open "get",rurl,false

                   xml.send

                   if not xml.readystate=4 or not xml.status=200 or err then gethttp="":exit function

                   gethttp=xml.responsetext

                   set xml=nothing

         end function

         function getstockdata(code)

                   ‘0=股票名称,1=开盘价格,2=昨收盘价格,3=当前价格,4=最高价,5=最低价,30,31=更新时间

                   dim checkcode,stockdata,stockdatasplit

                   if len(code)<5 then stockdata="0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0":exit function

                   checkcode=mid(code,len(code)-5,1)

                   if int(checkcode)<=4 then

                            stockdata=gethttp("http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sz"&code&"")

                            if not len(stockdata)=0 then stockdata=split(stockdata,chr(34))(1)

                   end if

                   if int(checkcode)>=5 then

                            stockdata=gethttp("http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sh"&code&"")

                            if not len(stockdata)=0 then stockdata=split(stockdata,chr(34))(1)

                   end if

                   if len(stockdata)=0 then

                            stockdata="0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0"

                   else

                            stockdatasplit=split(stockdata,",")

                   stockdata=""&exstock.checkstr(stockdatasplit(0))&","&stockdatasplit(1)&","&stockdatasplit(2)&","&stockdatasplit(3)&","&stockdatasplit(4)&","&stockdatasplit(5)&","&formatdatetime(""&stockdatasplit(30)&" "&stockdatasplit(31)&"",0)&""

                   end if

                   ‘0=股票名称,1=开盘价格,2=昨收盘价格,3=当前价格,4=最高价,5=最低价,6=更新时间

                   getstockdata=stockdata

         end function

         function getstockimg(code)

                   dim rndnum,addnum,checkcode,imgsource

                   if len(code)<5 then exit function

                   addnum=4

                   randomize:rndnum=cint(rnd*addnum)

                   select case rndnum

                            case 0

                                     getstockimg="http://www.10jqka.com.cn/curve/kline/?code="&code&""

                                     imgsource="http://www.10jqka.com.cn"

                            case 1

                                     getstockimg="http://stock.jrj.com.cn/htmdata/KLINE/"&code&".png"

                                     imgsource="http://stock.jrj.com.cn"

                            case 2

                                     checkcode=mid(code,len(code)-5,1)

                                     if int(checkcode)<=4 then

                                               getstockimg="http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/daily/n/sz"&code&".gif"

                                     end if

                                     if int(checkcode)>=5 then

                                               getstockimg="http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/daily/n/sh"&code&".gif"

                                     end if

                                     imgsource="http://finance.sina.com.cn"

                            case 3

                                     getstockimg="http://hq.gazxfe.com/stockchart/realline.chart?"&code&"&1003&SZ 500 330"

                                     imgsource="http://hq.gazxfe.com"

                            case 4

                                     getstockimg="http://chartse.stockstar.com/chartserver?code="&code&""

                                     imgsource="http://www.stockstar.com/"

                   end select

                   getstockimg=split(""&getstockimg&"||"&imgsource&"","||")

         end function

         function getastockimg()

                   dim rndnum,addnum,checkcode

                   dim getastockimgb,imgsource

                   addnum=6

                   randomize:rndnum=cint(rnd*addnum)

                   select case rndnum

                            case 0

                                     getastockimg="http://202.109.106.1/gifchartse/gif/000001.gif"

                                     getastockimgb="http://202.109.106.1/gifchartse/gif/399001.gif"

                                     imgsource="http://www.stockstar.com/"

                            case 1

                                     getastockimg="http://money.163.com/special/100.gif?C39"

                                     getastockimgb="http://money.163.com/special/101.gif?HrS"

                                     imgsource="http://www.163.com"

                            case 2

                                     getastockimg="http://www.10jqka.com.cn/curve/realtime/index2.php?code=1a0001&w=180&h=140"

                                     getastockimgb="http://www.10jqka.com.cn/curve/realtime/index2.php?code=399001&w=180&h=140"

                                     imgsource="http://www.10jqka.com.cn"

                            case 3

                                     getastockimg="http://chart.cnlist.com/stockchart/realline.chart?1a0001&1002&SZ 180 140"

                                     getastockimgb="http://chart.cnlist.com/stockchart/realline.chart?399001&1002&SZ 180 140"

                                     imgsource="http://chart.cnlist.com/"

                            case 4

                                     getastockimg="http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/small/ish000001.gif?1189176558328"

                                     getastockimgb="http://image.sinajs.cn/newchart/small/isz399001.gif?1189176558328"

                                     imgsource="http://www.sinajs.cn"

                            case 5

                                     getastockimg="http://218.1.72.66/cgi/pic/sh/realtime/JA000001164143.png"

                                     getastockimgb="http://218.1.72.66/cgi/pic/sz/realtime/JA399001164143.png"

                                     imgsource="http://www.cnstock.com/"

                            case 6

                                     getastockimg="http://222.73.29.85/img/000001.png"

                                     getastockimgb="http://222.73.29.85/img/399001.png"

                                     imgsource="http://www.eastmoney.com/"

                   end select

                   getastockimg=split(""&getastockimg&"||"&getastockimgb&"||"&imgsource&"","||")

         end function

%>2.   web-service接口

2.1 CHINAstock的web-service:
http://www.webxml.com.cn/WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx

中国股票行情数据 WEB 服务(支持深圳和上海股市的全部基金、债券和股票),数据即时更新。输出GIF分时走势图、日/周/月 K 线图、及时行情数据(股票名称、行情时间、最新价、昨收盘、今开盘、涨跌额、最低、最高、涨跌幅、成交量、成交额、竞买价、竞卖价、委比、买一 - 买五、卖一 - 卖五)。此WEB服务提供了如下几个接口:

2.1.1 getStockImageByCode
GET 股票GIF分时走势图

INput:theStockCode = 股票代号,如:sh000001

POST /WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx HTTP/1.1

Host: www.webxml.com.cn

Content-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8

Content-Length: length

SOAPAction: "http://WebXml.com.cn/getStockImageByCode"

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">

<soap:Body>

    <getStockImageByCode xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">

      <theStockCode>string</theStockCode>

    </getStockImageByCode>

</soap:Body>

</soap:Envelope>

Output:


2.1.2 getStockImageByteByCode
获得中国股票GIF分时走势图字节数组

INput:theStockCode = 股票代号,如:sh000001

POST /WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx HTTP/1.1Host: www.webxml.com.cnContent-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8Content-Length: lengthSOAPAction: "http://WebXml.com.cn/getStockImageByteByCode" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body>    <getStockImageByteByCode xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">      <theStockCode>string</theStockCode>    </getStockImageByteByCode> </soap:Body></soap:Envelope>

返回的数据如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>

<base64Binary xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">R0lGODlhIQIsAfcAAAAAAAwLBxkGBQ4ODhAQEBsSChUVFS4TDB8eGQkA9koPCDAAzy4mFVgAp2UYC0IqEUYuBVwiDEAsI1QnFX8AgDU1NUozFlgxD6cBWVY5FnIwEmQ4Gc0AMlhDHPEADlVJMEpKSm1IHOUBWpY3FZMyVY9IGXRWIEFmWGNYUmpdPXJgHQB8HK9EGGBgX4lXIACoAHhkMyt4m4VkJtstbv8A

2.1.3 getStockImage_kByCode
直接获得中国股票GIF日/周/月 K 线图(545*300pixel/72dpi)
INPUT: theStockCode = 股票代号

      theType = K 线图类型(D:日[默认]、W:周、M:月),

POST /WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx HTTP/1.1Host: www.webxml.com.cnContent-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8Content-Length: lengthSOAPAction: "http://WebXml.com.cn/getStockImage_kByCode" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body>    <getStockImage_kByCode xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">      <theStockCode>string</theStockCode>      <theType>string</theType>    </getStockImage_kByCode> </soap:Body></soap:Envelope>

比如按照下图所示输入:


返回的结果就是周K线图:


2.1.4 getStockImage_kByteByCode
获得中国股票GIF日/周/月 K 线图字节数组

Input:theStockCode = 股票代号,如:sh000001

POST /WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx HTTP/1.1Host: www.webxml.com.cnContent-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8Content-Length: lengthSOAPAction: "http://WebXml.com.cn/getStockImage_kByteByCode" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body>    <getStockImage_kByteByCode xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">      <theStockCode>string</theStockCode>      <theType>string</theType>    </getStockImage_kByteByCode> </soap:Body></soap:Envelope>HTTP/1.1 200 OKContent-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8Content-Length: length <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body>    <getStockImage_kByteByCodeResponse xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">      <getStockImage_kByteByCodeResult>base64Binary</getStockImage_kByteByCodeResult>    </getStockImage_kByteByCodeResponse> </soap:Body></soap:Envelope>比如按照下图输入

返回的结果就是周K线图字节数组

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>

<base64Binary xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">R0lGODlhIQIsAfcAAAAAAAwLBxkGBQ4ODhAQEBsSChUVFS4TDB8eGQkA9koPCDAAzy4mFVgAp2UYC0IqEUYuBVwiDEAsI1QnFX8AgDU1NUozFlgxD6cBWVY5FnIwEmQ4Gc0AMlhDHPEADlVJMEpKSm1IHOUBWpY3FZMyVY9IGXRWIEFmWGNYUmpdPXJgHQB8HK9EGGBgX4lXIACoAHhkMyt4m4VkJtstbv8A

2.1.5 getStockInfoByCode
获得中国股票及时行情
input:theStockCode = 股票代号

POST /WebServices/ChinaStockWebService.asmx HTTP/1.1Host: www.webxml.com.cnContent-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8Content-Length: lengthSOAPAction: "http://WebXml.com.cn/getStockInfoByCode" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body>    <getStockInfoByCode xmlns="http://WebXml.com.cn/">      <theStockCode>string</theStockCode>    </getStockInfoByCode> </soap:Body></soap:Envelope>返回的值一个一维字符串数组 String(24),结构为:String(0)股票代号、String(1)股票名称、String(2)行情时间、String(3)最新价(元)、String(4)昨收盘(元)、String(5)今开盘(元)、String(6)涨跌额(元)、String(7)最低(元)、String(8)最高(元)、String(9)涨跌幅(%)、String(10)成交量(手)、String(11)成交额(万元)、String(12)竞买价(元)、String(13)竞卖价(元)、String(14)委比(%)、String(15)-String(19)买一 - 买五(元)/手、String(20)-String(24)卖一 - 卖五(元)/手。

Web service的方法类似于现在concurrent项目的DBWS数据的获取,都是通过SOAP协议向DBWS服务器获取相关的数据。
利用雅虎查中国股票

http://quote.yahoo.com/d/quotes.csv?s=MSFT&f=slc1wop
返回微软的股票价格

"MSFT","4:00pm - <b>30.70</b>",+1.04,"21.46 - 30.75",29.77,29.66
http://quote.yahoo.com/d/quotes.csv?s=000969.SZ&f=slc1wop
这个返回安泰科技的,一般有半个小时的延迟。

但是s=000969.sz 这个后面的sz是什么意思呢?
深圳:)
沪市是SS后缀

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